Heart attack cure and diagnosis
Heart attack is a serious disease that, if not treated properly in time, becomes fatal and the patient dies. During the treatment of this disease, the cause and severity of the disease are ascertained by the doctor at the beginning of the diagnosis, after which the patient is treated keeping in view the diagnosis report. In this article, light is being thrown on the diagnosis and treatment of heart attack, whose study will be very beneficial for the readers.
Heart attack diagnosis
First of all, after inquiring from the patient about the symptoms of the said disease, the treating doctor of heart attack, after checking the body temperature, pulse, and blood pressure and keeping in view the seriousness of the condition, the following diagnosis is done as per the requirement-
- ECG (electrocardiogram).
- Blood test.
- Chest X-ray.
- Coronary catheterization (angiogram).
- Cardiac MRI.
This is the first test to be done for the diagnosis of heart attack, in which sticky paths (electrodes) are tested by placing them on the patient’s chest and other organs, feet, hands, etc. and the signal is recorded in the form of waves displayed on the monitor. It is clearly visible that “Heart attack has occurred or is in progress”.
After a heart attack, certain heart proteins leak into the blood, which is tested for by blood tests.
A chest X-ray shows the size of the heart and blood vessels and the fluid in the lungs. X-rays of the chest to find out “whether there is heart failure, fluid around the heart, pneumonia, cancer, or other condition”.
This test is done to find out “whether the heart chamber and its valves are working properly, whether any part of the heart has been damaged”.
Coronary catheterization (angiogram)
In this test, a liquid dye is injected through a thin long tube into the arteries of the heart, leg or groin, so that the dye can be clearly seen on an X-ray that-
- Coronary arteries are blocked by fat or not. If blocked, what percentage are blocked?
- Where are the blockages in the blood vessels?
- How much blood flow through the blood vessels is blocked.
- What is wrong with blood vessels?
With this test, the doctor finds out how much risk you are from a heart attack. Coronary angioplasty or stenting may also be done during coronary catheterization to clear clogged arteries.
This is also known as a “cardiac CT scan X-ray”. Through this test, it is ascertained whether the patient needs coronary bypass surgery or not.
Heart attack cure
Based on the results obtained from the diagnosis of heart attack, the treatment of heart attack is done by the doctor as follows:-
- Medicines are given to lower blood pressure and if there is a problem of diabetes, then medicine is also given to control diabetes, which reduces the chances of a heart attack.
- A medicine called “Aspirin” may be given to prevent blood clots from forming so that blood can flow through the narrowed arteries.
- “Painkillers (eg, morphine)” are given to reduce the pain caused by a heart attack.
- A “Pacemaker” is used to regulate the heartbeat.
- A “Thrombolytic” drug is given to dissolve the blood clot that has formed in the blood vessels.
- “Antiplatelet drugs” may be given to prevent blood clots from getting bigger in the blood vessels and to prevent new blood clots from forming.
- “Nitroglycerin” may be given to widen the narrowed blood vessels and relieve chest pain.
- “Stain” may be given to control cholesterol.
- “Beta-blocker drugs” may be given to relax the heart muscle, lower blood pressure, and slow the heartbeat.
- In the absence of medication, “bypass surgery” is performed to repair blockages in blood vessels.
- “Heart transplant surgery” is performed when none of the methods of treating a heart attack is possible. Heart transplant surgery is the best way to treat a heart attack.
Note:- This article is for information purposes only. It should not be taken as medical advice. For your health problems, consult a doctor immediately.