Risk factors for diabetes

Risk factors for diabetes

Although diabetes is a common disease, due to negligence, it takes a serious form and the patient also dies. Important risk factors for diabetes depend on its type.

risk factors for type 1 diabetes

Factors that may indicate an increased risk of type 1 diabetes are:

Environmental factors

Conditions such as exposure to a viral disease may play a role in type 1 diabetes to some degree.

Presence of harmful immune system cells (autoantibodies)

Sometimes family members of people with type 1 diabetes are tested for the presence of diabetic autoantibodies. If you have these autoantibodies, you have a significantly increased risk of developing type 1 diabetes. But not everyone who has these autoantibodies gets diabetes.

Family history

If a person’s parents or siblings have type 1 diabetes, then that person has an increased risk of developing type 1 diabetes.

Risk factors for type 2 diabetes


The less active you are, the higher your risk of developing diabetes. While your physical activity helps you control your weight, physical exertion turns glucose into energy, making your cells more sensitive to insulin.

Body Weight

The more fatty tissue you have, the more resistant your cells are to insulin.

Family history

If a person’s parents or siblings have type 1 diabetes, then that person has an increased risk of developing type 1 diabetes.

Abnormal cholesterol and triglyceride levels

If you have low levels of high-density lipoprotein (HDL), or “good,” cholesterol, your risk of type 2 diabetes is higher. Triglycerides are another type of fat carried in the blood. People with high levels of triglycerides have an increased risk of type 2 diabetes.


Your risk increases as you get older. This may be because you exercise less, lose muscle mass and gain weight as you age. But type 2 diabetes is also on the rise in children, teens, and young adults.
gestational diabetes. If you develop gestational diabetes while you are pregnant, you have an increased risk of developing prediabetes and type 2 diabetes. If you’ve given birth to a baby who weighs more than 9 pounds (4 kilograms), you’re also at risk for type 2 diabetes.

High blood pressure

Having a blood pressure higher than 140/90 millimeters of mercury (mm Hg) significantly increases the risk of type 2 diabetes.

polycystic ovary syndrome

For women, having polycystic ovary syndrome – a common condition characterized by irregular menstruation, excessive hair growth, and obesity – increases the risk of diabetes.

Risk factors for diabetes in pregnancy

Pregnant women can get gestational diabetes. Some women are at higher risk than others. The following are the risk factors for gestational diabetes:

Family or personal history

You are at increased risk of developing diabetes if you have prediabetes – a precursor to type 2 diabetes – or if a close family member, such as a parent or sibling, has type 2 diabetes. You are also at higher risk if you had gestational diabetes during a previous pregnancy, if you have given birth to a baby or if you have had an unexplained delivery.
weight. Being overweight before pregnancy increases your risk.


Younger women have a lower risk of diabetes. Women over the age of 25 are at increased risk.

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