What’s diabetes?

What’s diabetes?

High Light:

  • Types of diabetes.
  • Types 1 diabetes.
  • Types 2 diabetes.

Diabetes mellitus is a bunch of metabolic elements characterized by excessive blood sugar (glucose) ranges that ultimately result in insulin secretion, or its speed, or defects in each. Diabetes mellitus, commonly known as diabetes, was first identified as a disease related to “candy urine” and excessive muscle loss within the historical world. High levels of blood glucose (hyperglycemia) result in the leakage of glucose into the urine, this is called diabetes.

Insulin reduces the degree of glucose by hormones. When blood glucose is increased (eg after eating food), insulin is released from the pancreas to normalize the glucose level by sending glucose to the cells of the body. Hyperglycemia occurs in patients with diabetes due to insufficient production of insulin or lack of response to insulin. Diabetes is a constant medical condition, meaning it cannot be completely cured, can only be managed through drugs, it lasts a lifetime.

Types of diabetes

Diabetes is of the following two types:

  • Type 1 diabetes.
  • Type 2 diabetes.

Type 1 diabetes

Type 1 diabetes is a continual disease. In individuals suffering from this disease, insulin-producing cells in the pancreas begin to be destroyed, causing insulin production in the body to decrease.
Now the question arises what is insulin. Actually, insulin is a hormone that helps in the use of glucose for the vitality of the cells of the human body. Your body gets glucose from food. Insulin allows blood to flow from the blood into your body’s cells, controlling glucose.
Due to the lack of insulin in type 1 diabetes, the human body cannot control glucose, due to which the glucose released from the food is unable to make its way into the cells and a lot of glucose starts circulating in your blood. Short-term and long-term problems can occur when the blood sugar in the body becomes too high. In such a situation, insulin antibiotics have to be taken to transfer glucose from the blood to the body cells, that is, to control blood sugar. It is important to take insulin injections when the production of insulin in the body is significantly reduced or production stops.

Type 2 diabetes

Despite satisfactory levels of insulin hormone in the type 2 diabetes patient, the body struggles to transfer glucose from the blood to the cells. Finally, the human body can stop producing fully satisfactory insulin. Type 2 diabetes can develop in a few years due to which a person suffering from type 2 diabetes does not know the disease until they have a complication.

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